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Gudiya

All India Institutes of Medical Sciences, India

Title: Body image disturbance, self-esteem, quality of life among adolescents and young adults with acne: A cross sectional survey

Biography

Biography: Gudiya

Abstract

Background & Aim: Acne is one of the common skin problems in adolescents and young adults but the impact on psychological
aspect is poorly understood, many times goes unnoticeable. The study aims to asses’ body image disturbance, self-esteem, quality of life among adolescents and young adults with acne.
Method: 250 subjects aged 13-25 years who visited dermatology OPD, AIIMS were enrolled by convenience sampling from July 2017 to December 2017. Severity of acne, body image disturbance, self-esteem and acne quality of life were assessed using Investigator’s Global Assessment (IGA) scale, Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire (BIDQ), Rosenberg self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and Total Acne Quality of Life (TAQOL), respectively through structured interview. Demographic and clinical data were obtained.
Result: 61.6% of the participants had moderate form of acne. The mean BIDQ score was 3.05 (SD=0.89). 67.60% had normal self-esteem 69.64% had mild impairment in acne quality of life. Severity of acne had significant association with sex, area of residence, age of onset of acne, cleaning behavior, body image disturbance and acne quality of life at p<0.05. Body image disturbance was related with occupation, self-esteem, acne quality of life and positive correlation (r=0.192) with number of visits to doctor (for acne) at p<0.05. Self-esteem was related with sex, area of residence and socio-economic status (p<0.05).
Quality of life had significant association with area of residence, socio-economic status, number of visits to doctor and selfesteem
(p<0.05).
Conclusion: Adolescents and young adults with acne have body image disturbance and impaired quality of life but majority
possess normal self-esteem.